Entirely Wasted Energy – WtE in India

It’s sad that the Indian government still (and now with renewed vigour under Swachh Bharat) goes on about the idea of Waste-to-Energy – technology entirely unsuitable to our conditions.

“The fundamental reason (for the inefficiency of these plants) is the quality and composition of waste. MSW (municipal solid waste) in India has low calorific value and high moisture content. As most wastes sent to the WTE plants are unsegregated, they also have high inert content. These wastes are just not suitable for burning in these plants. To burn them, additional fuel is required which makes these plants expensive to run,” said Swati Singh Sambyal, author of the report and researcher on waste management, at the CSE.

Source: Wasted effort: half of India’s waste-to-energy plants defunct – The Hindu

Back to the Future for the bypass?

Something that Kolkata might want to think about as we grow the outskirts with malls as opposed to the diversified inner city – is it really a good long term investment (even if we just consider tax revenue?)

https://www.strongtowns.org/journal/2018/4/23/bon-ton-gone

Staircase again

The new bamboo staircase coming along in a river of split bamboo pieces tied to a full bamboo frame, mirroring the shape of the brick staircase below.

Source: Internet

Kolkata airport right now features a series of ads which proclaim various facts about the potential visitors to the airport – 30% of them are deciding on their next vacation then and there, 80% of them (if they are middle class) want the amenities and comforts of gated communities and so on…

Interestingly, the ad makers did feel the need to provide a source for their statements. However, they didn’t quite get their referencing right: